E3: Information

Those affected by stroke have access to practical advice, emotional support, advocacy and information throughout the care pathway and lifelong. (Key: e = element | k = knowledge | s = skill)

Knowledge and understanding of…

e3k_1:
Stroke types and their aetiologies
e3k_2:
Risk factors for further vascular events (e.g. type and aetiology of current event, lifestyle, socioeconomic, cultural, vascular, familial, genetic, concurrent medications, comorbidities)
e3k_3:
Pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for primary and secondary prevention of stroke, and side effects of treatment
e3k_4:
Advocates for stroke patients when there is a legal duty to instruct an IMCA, taking account of religious and cultural aspirations
e3k_5:
Who provides interventions for primary and secondary prevention of stroke
e3k_6:
Full range of services (health, social, community, voluntary and independent) available locally for those affected by stroke
e3k_7:
How to assess and overcome barriers to problems: psychological and emotional; social and relationship; cognitive and communication; physical and functional; visual and sensory impairments and pain; medical
e3k_8:
The impact of stroke on the individual, carer and family
e3k_9:
The implications of stroke for lifestyle, driving, work and family
e3k_10:
Methods of changing behaviour

Skills and ability to...

e3s_1:
Take and interpret thorough history, taking third party information where possible, and assess mental capacity
e3s_2:
Elicit needs and aspirations of those affected by stroke
e3s_3:
Communicate and discuss: current event; risk of future vascular event; need for assessments/investigations, interventions/ treatments and their timeframes; rationale for treatment and possible side effects of treatment; and provide timely information, advice and support
e3s_4:
Identify full range of services (health, social, community, voluntary and independent) available locally for those affected by stroke
e3s_5:
Assess relevance and suitability of available services for those affected by stroke; communicate and liaise with services; share information; work across agencies; signpost services for those affected by stroke
e3s_6:
Implement information sharing methods and reflect on effectiveness of information sharing
e3s_7:
Assess motivation and take steps to augment management
e3s_8:
Monitor progress and agree or change a maintenance or management plan in conjunction with those affected by stroke, identifying resources to facilitate participation and inclusion