E1: Awareness raising

Members of the public, and health and care staff are able to recognise and identify the main symptoms of stroke and know to treat it as an emergency. (Key: e = element | k = knowledge | s = skill)

Knowledge and understanding of…

e1k_1:
Signs and symptoms of stroke
e1k_2:
Features of less common (atypical) presentation of stroke
e1k_3:
Stroke mimics and likely presentation
e1k_4:
Stroke and TIA as medical emergencies
e1k_5:
Emergency response, investigations, interventions and treatments for stroke and TIA
e1k_6:
Timeframe for emergency investigations, interventions and treatments for stroke and TIA
e1k_7:
Anatomy and physiology of the central nervous system
e1k_8:
Timeframe of physiological and neurological changes during a stroke
e1k_9:
Advocates for stroke patients when there is a legal duty to instruct an IMCA, taking account of religious and cultural aspirations

Skills and ability to...

e1s_1:
Initiate emergency protocol (Stroke Improvement Programme)
e1s_2:
Communicate current event and need for emergency treatment
e1s_3:
Know when to apply screening tests for stroke (FAST) and how to act on the results
e1s_4:
Know when to apply vascular risk assessment tools for TIA (ABCD2) and how to act on the results
e1s_5:
Identify emergency interventions and treatments for stroke and TIA available locally and know how to refer patients efficiently
e1s_6:
Take and interpret thorough history, taking third party information where possible, and assess mental capacity
e1s_7:
Identify and appropriately treat stroke mimics, e.g. hypoglycaemia, epileptic seizure